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Social Studies

Social Studies


The Social Studies curriculum aims to prepare our pupils to be citizens of tomorrow by helping them to better understand the interconnectedness in the world they live in and appreciate the complexities of the human experience.

SS seeks to evoke pupils’ curiosity to inquire into real-world issues that concern their lives. Through inquiry and authentic learning experiences, SS helps pupils to attain relevant knowledge and understandings about these issues, develop critical and reflective thinking skills, and appreciate multiple perspectives.

SS seeks to inculcate in pupils a deeper understanding of the values that define the Singaporean society and nurture dispositions to show concern for the world they live in and demonstrate empathy in their relationships with others.

The curriculum therefore envisions the SS pupil as an informed, concerned and participative citizen who is competent in quality decision-making with an impassioned spirit to contribute responsibly in the world he/she lives in.


Inquiry is recommended for the learning of concepts, skills and exploration of topics in the Social Studies (SS) primary syllabus. Children by nature are inquisitive and teaching through inquiry aims to harness this innate motivation in our pupils to inquire into things that catch their attention. Inquiry helps our pupils learn to judge whether the conclusions drawn by their peers are supported by sound information or based on opinions. Through the inquiry process, pupils are also empowered to be responsible for their own learning.

Besides knowledge, skills and values are explicitly articulated to give emphasis to the development of the holistic child, well-equipped to effectively play the role of an informed, concerned and participative citizen.

Field-based learning allows the pupils to contextualise their learning experience in an authentic real-world setting, thus enabling the relational learning of concepts and content. Pupils would also be able to conduct hands-on exploration in a focused area of study, thus being engaged in multi-sensory modes. As part of engaging pupils’ interest in inquiry, field-based learning would also motivate and sustain their interest in the subject matter as pupils would learn to explore, construct new knowledge and make connections to the topic being studied.

The table below shows the venues for Field-based Learning (NE/SS Learning Journeys) at the different levels.

Primary 1 The Peranakan Museum
Primary 2 The National Orchid Garden
Primary 3 Singapore Discovery Centre
Primary 4 Kampong Glam
Primary 5 Little India & National Education (NE) Show
Primary 6 Singapore Discovery Centre


SS is a non-examinable subject at the primary level. Assessment is, however, important to help monitor pupils’ progress in their learning of SS. To evaluate and support pupils’ learning, the methods of assessment used are Assessment for Learning (AfL), and Assessment of Learning (AoL).

AfL refers to the use of assessment to support learning. It is used to shape teaching and learning in ways that help pupils master learning goals and teachers improve practices. For these reasons, it is formative in nature, takes place all the time in the classroom and is a process that is embedded in instruction.

AoL refers to the use of assessment as a means to evaluate if curricular outcomes have been met. It is used primarily for accountability purposes – grading, ranking and certification. For these reasons, it tends to be summative in nature and is carried out quarterly.

For the purpose of reporting, a letter grade will be awarded for the assessment of SS at the end of each semester. The table below shows the letter grades and the corresponding weightings.

A 75% and above
B 60% – 74%
C 50% – 59%
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